Tag Archives: North Georgia Architecture

Traylor House, Circa 1832, Long Cane

This is one of the oldest surviving houses in the Long Cane community, which was settled around the time of the 1827 land lottery. I believe it was built by George Hamilton Traylor and was subsequently the home of his son, John Thomas Traylor.

The dominant architectural style of the house is Federal, but as 1832 is relatively late in the Federal period, the transition to the Greek Revival is evident. It is beautifully proportioned example, anchored by a large tetrastyle portico.

Thanks to Kaye Minchew for her assistance in helping me locate the house via the Troup County Archives.

 

Long Cane Historic District, National Register of Historic Places

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Filed under --TROUP COUNTY GA--, Long Cane GA

Long Cane Baptist Church, 1830s, Troup County

The Long Cane Baptist Church was constituted in 1829 by Reverend James Reeves. It was a union of Baptists and Presbyterians. The structure, still in use today, was erected in the mid-1830s and still retains its slave gallery, where enslaved people worshiped until the Civil War. The Presbyterians continued to worship here with the Baptists until forming their own congregation, Loyd Presbyterian, in 1887.

Long Cane Historic District, National Register of Historic Places

 

 

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Cobb-Ingram House, 1919, West Point

Neel Reid, one of Georgia’s most important 20th century architects, designed this home for local Coca-Cola bottler and distributor George Cobb in 1919. It has been owned by the Ingram family since 1974.

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Filed under --TROUP COUNTY GA--, West Point GA

Lanier-Parr House, 1910, West Point

This home was built by Will Lanier, son of Elijah Frank Lanier and president of the Bank of West Point. His wife, Charlie Belle Collins Lanier, was a first cousin of Philip Trammell Shutze, one of Georgia’s most notable 20th century architects. The Lanier family were among the earliest investors in the local textile industry and had interests in banks and other businesses.

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Sunny Gables, 1926, LaGrange

The prolific Georgia architect P. Thornton Marye designed this Tudor Revival for Mary and Julia Nix. The Nix sisters were among the benefactors who helped save LaGrange College from financial ruin in the years following World War I. It has served as the School of Nursing and presently, the Alumni House.

Broad Street Historic District, National Register of Historic Places

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Hood-Copeland House, 1907, LaGrange

This Neoclassical Revival house was built by local contractor E. D. Roberts for Mr. & Mrs. E. Glover Hood. Mrs. Hood was the granddaughter of Phillip Hunter Greene, who built The Oaks, next door. Dr. & Mrs. Robert Copeland purchased in 1969 and Mrs. Copeland was very active in preservation efforts throughout the community.

Vernon Road Historic District, National Register of Historic Places

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Hutchinson-Parham House, 1940, LaGrange

This imposing landmark of the Mediterranean Revival style was built for Robert and Florence Hutchinson in 1940*. It is notable in that it was built by one Georgia’s first woman architects, Ellamae Ellis League (1899-1991) of Macon. Ms. League was the first Fellow of the American Institute of Architects in Georgia and one of only eight in the nation at the time of her death. She designed high schools, hospitals, gymnasiums, and other public facilities, as well as numerous residential commissions. She oversaw the renovation and restoration of the Grand Opera House in Macon.  Her daughter and a grandson also became architects.

Of Ms. League, Bamby Ray writes: League became an architect by necessity. In 1922, divorced at age twenty-three with two small children, she entered a profession for which she had no training. Her husband of five years had left her with no financial resources, and she needed to find employment. Six generations of her family, including an uncle in Atlanta, [Charles Ellis Choate, one of Georgia’s most prolific architects in his lifetime] had been architects. She joined a Macon firm as an apprentice and remained there for the next six years, as she managed both office and child-rearing duties. During that time League also took correspondence courses from the Beaux Arts Institute of Design in New York City.

*- Travels through Troup County: A Guide to its Architecture and History dates the house to 1916, but I believe this to have been an oversight.

 

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Lewis-Cary House, Circa 1850, LaGrange

This classic Italianate cottage was built for Nicholas Lewis. During the Civil War, it was occupied by refugees from various Southern states. A prominent local physician, Dr. Henry Hamilton Cary, purchased the home in 1869.

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Dixie Mills Saltbox House, 1890s, LaGrange

This saltbox house is one of several surviving employee housing units of the Dixie Mill textile village in LaGrange. The form was used throughout the neighborhood, and is quite rare in Georgia. Dixie Mill, established in the late 1890s, was the first of many modern textile operations that would dominate LaGrange’s economy throughout most of the 20th century.

 

 

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Whitesville United Methodist Church, 1854 & 1900, Harris County

The Whitesville Methodist Episcopal Church, South, as it was originally known, traces its origins to circuit riders and meetings at the nearby home of Reuben R. Mobley in 1828. A congregation was formally established in the 1830s and by 1837 a church building was erected for services. This was the same year the town of Whitesville was incorporated; it was a thriving community at the time, bolstered by its status as a main stagecoach stop on the Columbus-to-Rome route. Many early members were slave owners and the slaves attended afternoon services until the Civil War. [Evidence continues to suggest that most homes that survive from the antebellum were built by enslaved people and I’m doing my  best to label them as such as I publish them across my websites. It is also presumed that churches and other public buildings were their handiwork, as well].

Use of the original structure was discontinued in 1854 when the present structure was completed. The church was significantly remodeled in 1900, with the addition of the larger steeple and the incorporation of Victorian details, including shingle siding on the steeple.

National Register of Historic Places

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Filed under --HARRIS COUNTY GA--, Whitesville GA