Tag Archives: New Deal Architecture in North Georgia

Old Columbia County Jail, 1934, Appling

This early Federal Works Project was designed by Augusta architect A. Brian Merry. R. A. Bowen was the contractor. It is now home to the Columbia County Historical Society.

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Filed under --COLUMBIA COUNTY GA--, Appling GA

Lincolnton Club House, 1935

Built for the Women’s Club by the Works Progress Administration during the Great Depression, this now serves as the community house.

Lincolnton Historic District, National Register of Historic Places

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Filed under --LINCOLN COUNTY GA--, Lincolnton GA

Ocmulgee National Monument, Macon

Entrance to Earth Lodge

Archaeologists have determined that human habitation at this Mississippian site, formerly known as the Ocmulgee Old Fields and now the Ocmulgee National Monument, dates back at least 17,000 years.

Interior of Earth Lodge, with Eagle Platform

The Earth Lodge was uncovered by Dr. A. R. Kelley in 1934. It was reconstructed between 1933 and 1938. It served as a Mississippian Council House. The original clay floor, with the raised eagle platform, was exposed by employees of the Civil Works Administration and Work Projects Administration under the direction of James A. Ford. The Mississippians had burned the lodge, perhaps as an act of ritual cleansing or something entirely different. The charred remains of the construction, dated to 1015 AD, were arrayed in a spoke pattern and protected the original floor. The roof was not originally covered with sod, but it has been employed today to preserved the site.

Rear View of Earth Lodge

One should keep in mind that during the Mississippian Period, these mounds were not covered in grass but rather in the natural clay of the landscape.

Great Temple Mound

This is Early Mississippian flat-topped temple mound, 300 feet wide by 270 feet long by 40 feet high, is one of several in widely scattered locations across Georgia. It dates to circa 900-1100 AD. It was the principal religious structure at the Ocmulgee site till at least 1200 AD.  A lesser mound (not pictured) stands adjacent to this one.

Cornfield Mound

Excavations on this site uncovered parallel rows of charred corn cobs dating to circa 900AD-1200AD, indicating an early agricultural use. At some point, the field was transformed into a mound. The mound is 90 feet wide by 160 feet long by 6 feet high.

Prehistoric Trenches

These trenches can be found in several locations around Ocmulgee National Monument. These, near the Cornfield Mound, are 18 feet wide by 7 feet deep. It is unclear as to whether they were defensive in nature or if they were borrow pits for the mounds.

Ocmulgee National Monument Visitors Center

Constructed between 1938-1951, the Streamline Moderne visitors center is a landmark in its own right. It houses a wonderful collection of artifacts collected on the site.

 

 

 

 

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Filed under --BIBB COUNTY GA--, Macon GA

Smithboro School, Jasper County

Abandoned School House Putnam County GA Photograph Copyright Brian Brown Vanishing North Georgia USA 2015

This is likely a WPA school. I had misidentified it as being in Putnam County, but thanks to Connie Taylor Cason and Suzanne Smith Forte, I was able to correctly identify it. Suzanne notes that it was probably closed sometime in the 1930s.

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Filed under --JASPER COUNTY GA--, Smithboro GA

Greensboro Post Office, 1936

Greensboro GA US Post Office New Deal WPA Photograph Copyright Brian Brown Vanishing North Georgia USA 2014

This New Deal Post Office is still in use and features murals by artist Carson Davenport (1908-1972).  Davenport served as director of the WPA Art School & Gallery in Big Stone Gap, Virginia and was Chairman of the Art Department at Averett Collge from 1943-1969.

Greensboro GA New Deal US Post Office Mural Hunter in Coonskin Cap Photograph Copyright Brian Brown Vanishing North Georgia USA 2014

Above: “The Burning of Greensborough” (Detail)

Greensboro GA New Deal US Post Office Mural Picking Cotton Photograph Copyright Brian Brown Vanishing North Georgia USA 2014

Greensboro GA New Deal US Post Office Mural African American Black Children Eating Watermelons Sunflowers Photograph Copyright Brian Bown Vanishing North Georgia USA 2014

Both Images Above: “Cotton Picking in Georgia” (Detail)

Greensboro Historic District, National Register of Historic Places

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Filed under --GREENE COUNTY GA--, Greensboro GA

Troup County Courthouse, 1939, LaGrange

Troup County Courthouse LaGrange GA Photograph Copyright Brian Brown Vanishing North Georgia USA 2014

Now replaced by a newer facility, William J. J. Chase’s Stripped Classical New Deal courthouse is still used for county business and is adjacent to the new courthouse. Chase also designed the Seminole, Mitchell, and Cook County courthouses.

National Register of Historic Places

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Filed under --TROUP COUNTY GA--, LaGrange GA