Tag Archives: Milledgeville-Federal Style Architecture

Rockwell, Circa 1838, Milledgeville

This house is perhaps the most enigmatic in Milledgeville, due largely to its present derelict appearance. [It’s apparently more stable than the grounds would suggest]. Built by Joseph Lane for Samuel Rockwell (1788-1842), the house has also been known over time as Beauvoir and the Governor Johnson House. Rockwell, a native of Albany, New York, first practiced law in Savannah before establishing a practice in Milledgeville around 1828. He served as Inspector of the 3rd Division during the Creek Indian War of 1836.

Closely related, stylistically, to the Milledgeville Federal houses, Rockwell is more highly realized in form.

Among numerous owners throughout the history of the property, Governor Herschel Vespasian Johnson was perhaps its best known resident. As the commemorative slab of Georgia granite placed by the WPA and the UDC in 1936 notes, it was his summer home. Governor Johnson was notably the state’s most vocal opponent to secession but eventually came around, as borne out by the acquiescent quote, no doubt chosen by the UDC: “To Georgia, in my judgement, I owe primary allegiance.”

The house was documented by photographer L. D. Andrew for the Historic American Buildings Survey (HABS) in 1936, owned by the Ennis family at the time. Photo courtesy Library of Congress.

Thanks to Michael Massey for bringing this house to my attention.

National Register of Historic Places

Advertisements

Leave a comment

Filed under --BALDWIN COUNTY GA--, Milledgeville GA

Brown-Stetson-Sanford House, Circa 1825, Milledgeville

Milledgeville GA Baldwin County Brown Stetson Sanford House Architect John Marlor Photograph Copyright Brian Brown Vanishing North Georgia USA 2014

Built on North Wilkinson Street for George T. Brown by John Marlor, this structure first served as the U.S. Hotel and then the Beecher-Brown Hotel. Daniel B. Stetson bought the house in 1857.  His daughter Elizabeth was married to Judge Daniel B. Sanford, Clerk of the Secession Convention.  During the 1950s and 1960s it served as the Sanford House Tea Room. The family donated it to the Old Capital Historical Society who moved it to West Hancock Street in 1966. It’s open to the public on Thursdays, Fridays and Saturdays through Milledgeville Trolley Tours and is available for events. Admission is charged.

Milledgeville Historic District, National Register of Historic Places

1 Comment

Filed under --BALDWIN COUNTY GA--, Milledgeville GA

Orme-Sallee House, Circa 1822, Milledgeville

Milledgeville GA Baldwin County Landmark Antebellum House Williams Orme Salle Photograph Copyright Brian Brown Vanishing North Georgia USA 2014

Attributed to Daniel Pratt, this iconic home is perhaps the best example of the Milledgeville Federal Style. Though built by John Williams, it has come to be known as the Orme-Sallee House. Richard McAlister Orme was a land and slave owner and editor of Milledgeville’s Southern Recorder. Though initially opposed to secession, Orme became an ardent supporter upon his sons’ entrance into the war. During the Sherman’s March to the Sea, Mrs. Orme, who was from Massachusetts, hid her Confederate son-in-law in the attic of this house during its occupation by Union forces.

Milledgeville GA Baldwin County Williams Orme Sallee House Antebellum Double Chimneys Fanlight Photograph Copyright Brian Brown Vanishing North Georgia USA 2014

Double chimneys on both sides of the house and attic fanlight are nice features. The south side fanlight, seen below, has been lost to a modern replacement.

Milledgeville GA Baldwin County Landmark Milledgeville Federal House Williams Orme Salle Photograph Copyright Brian Brown Vanishing North Georgia USA 2014

The front door, with ornamental fanlight and sidelights, is my favorite feature.

Milledgeville GA Baldwin County Williams Orme Sallee House Front Door Photograph Copyright Brian Brown Vanishing North Georgia USA 2014

Milledgeville Historic District, National Register of Historic Places

Leave a comment

Filed under --BALDWIN COUNTY GA--, Milledgeville GA

The Homestead, 1818, Milledgeville

Milledgeville GA Baldwin County The Homestead Landmark Antebellum House Photograph Copyright Brian Brown Vanishing North Georgia USA 2014

Built for Peter J. Williams, the Homestead was owned for many generations by his descendants, including his great-granddaughters “Miss Sue” Jones, Mrs. David Ferguson, and Betty Ferguson. Frances Lewis is also listed by architectural historian John Linley as an owner of this grand home.

Milledgeville GA Baldwin County The Homestead Photograph Copyright Brian Brown Vanishing North Georgia USA 2014

In The Architecture of Middle Georgia: The Oconee Area, John Linley shares some fascinating anecdotes about the Homestead.

It…has a ghost, who appears as a little old lady dressed in brown and usually seen in the garden about dusk. She…has followed the family from Wales to New England, and thence to Georgia. She also attends to her ghostly duties, though in a rather lackadaisical way. She has been known to appear to members of the family just before they died, or before there were deaths in the family. Mostly, however, she just putters about the garden.

But please don’t come here looking for the ghost or for an invitation into the garden. Be respectful that the house is private property.

“The Homestead may well be the first house in America to utilize a narrow colossal-type portico with only two columns. Though never widely used, the style became so popular in the Milledgeville area that it is frequently referred to as the Milledgeville-Federal type of architecture.”

Milledgeville GA Baldwin County The Homestead Kitchen Cook House Photograph Copyright Brian Brown Vanishing North Georgia USA 2014

Adjacent to the Homestead is this structure, the brick lower floor of which was originally the kitchen for the estate. It’s likely contemporary to the 1818 date of the main house. The second floor was a later addition which I assume may have housed servants.

Milledgeville GA Baldwin County The Homestead Cook House Kitchen Later Remodeled for Use as a House Photograph Copyright Brian Brown Vanishing North Georgia USA 2014

Milledgeville Historic District, National Register of Historic Place

6 Comments

Filed under --BALDWIN COUNTY GA--, Milledgeville GA

The Cedars, Circa 1822, Milledgeville

Milledgeville GA Baldwin County Antebellum Landmark Home the Cedars Sunburst Pediment Photograph Copyright Brian Brown Vanishing North Georgia USA 2014

Now in use as a sorority house, this is one of the best exemplars of the so-called Milledgeville-Federal Style. The Cedars originally fronted Clarke Street and a cedar-lined circular drive marked its entrance, hence the name. Charles W. Howard was the first owner and Daniel Pratt is thought to have been the architect. Formal gardens at the original location were designed by Irish landscape gardener Patrick Crane. Other owners have included the Jarrett, Scott, Prosser, Moran, Tigner, Smith, and Garrard families, among others.

Milledgeville Historic District, National Register of Historic Places

2 Comments

Filed under --BALDWIN COUNTY GA--, Milledgeville GA